Monday, January 20, 2020
Recent developments in standard of care and professional relationship with patients have made law fundamental to the study and practice of nursing. At every stage of patients care, law helps bring up to date nursing practice and it is essential that nurses understand the legal and ethical implications of law in their nursing profession (Griffith and Tengrah, 2011). The purpose of this essay is to discuss the concept of consent in relation to the role of the nurse. This will aim at demonstrate ethical and legal implication of consent on nursing practice and professional working. In the Code (2008, cited in Griffith and Tengrah, 2011) the Nursing and Midwifery Council set standards for nursing professional to follow. Among the rules is the requirement of nurses to obtain consent before care is given. Consent is an issue of concern for all healthcare professional when coming in contact with patients either in a care environment or at their home. Consent must be given voluntary or freely, informed and the individual has the capacity to give or make decisions without fear or fraud (Mental Capacity Act, 2005 cited in NHS choice, 2010). The Mental Capacity Act perceives every adult competent unless proven otherwise as in the case of Freeman V Home Office, a prisoner who was injected by a doctor without consent because of behavioural disorder (Dimond, 2011). Consent serves as an agreement between the nurse and the patient, and allows any examination or treatment to be administered. Nevertheless, consent must be obtained in every occurrence of care as in the case of Mohr V William 1905 (Griffith and Tengrah, 2011), where a surgeon obtain consent to perform a procedure on a patient right ear. The surgeon found defect in the left ear of the patient and repaired it assuming he had obtained consent for both ear. The patient sued him and the court found the surgeon guilty of trespassing. Although there is no legal requirement that states how consent should be given, however, there are various ways a person in care of a nurse may give consent. This could be formal (written) form of consent or implied (oral or gesture) consent. An implied consent may be sufficient for taking observation or examination of patient, while written is more suitable for invasive procedure such as surgical operation (Dimond, 2011). Furthermore, in nursing, professional may have to decide on a course of action that is ethically, legally and morally correct or acceptable by their society.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Abstract There is a global economic phenomenon currently occurring in which the major banking families have gained a monopoly over the world's economies. This phenomenon has raised suspicions which has led to the conspiracy theory of Ã¢â¬ËThe New World Order'. This conspiracy theory focuses on the questionable climb to power that the major banking families have achieved over centuries and the esoteric strategies that each generation has worked in line with to ultimately gain world domination through creating a global mono-nation.Contents Page Official strory The theory chosen and why The elites rise to power How they have stayed in that position and possible threats How they plan to carry out the rest of the plan The significance of the new world order to new zealanders Bibliography Extra information Official story There is a global economic phenomenon currently reoccurring in which the major banking and/or Corporate Empire families have gained a monopoly over the world's economies .These major banking families, also known as the global elite, consist of the Morgan's, Rockefellers, Carnegies, Warburg's of Hamburg, Kuhn Loeb's of New York, the Goldman Sachs, the Lazard's of Paris, and the Rothschilds of Paris and London (said to be the most influential). These families own almost all, if not all, the central banks around the world. They also control the large oil and energy empires. When a country's economy falls, or goes into a recession, these Banks and Empires are the ones who still earn immense profits and make the effort to buy the competition out.They are known to fund candidates for presidential and priministerial elections, and also participate in exclusive meetings involving the highest of society. This amount of power that the global elite have gained has raised suspicions, and with the extensive evidence collected it supports the conclusions that have been drawn. The conspiracy theory Ã¢â¬Å"A New World OrderÃ¢â¬ has emerged explaining why this ph enomenon is occurring.This theory involves the global elite participating in an esoteric plan to take control of the world's monetary system, and energy sources, and reduce the world population by 80%. This means they will effectively gain complete domination over the world through creating a mono-nation. There are different versions to this one conspiracy theory where aspects like religion are emphasized and the plan is to rid the world of religion. There is aslo a common conspiracy theory where globalization is used to gain world domination, instead of the creation of a mono-nation.The creation of a mono-nation seems to correspond with the evidence collected, a lot more logically than globalization, and I have found that even though religion is slowly becoming a thing of the past, it is still strong in many cases and will not get pushed to the side too soon. So I have concluded that the conspiracy theory that most closely corresponds with the evidence found is that the global elit e are planning to take over the world's monetary system, and energy sources following an esoteric strategy that will lead to world domination through the creation of a mono-nation.The position of the global elite is explained using the pyramid structure add pic We ordinary humans, the tax payers, are at the bottom of this triangle being exploited, along with the environment around us. We carry out our daily lives putting up with what is occurring around us. We every day, common joes follow the laws that are put in place by the government which is funded by our taxes. This places the government above us. If the government needs money it turns to the central banks.Because of the shear size and power of some corporations, some being larger then some national economies and also due to the fact that corporations fund the political campaigns and influence the decided successor through lobbying, the government can only sit above human/normal people with corporatocracy sitting just above. T hese powerful corporations include Bechtel, Exxon Mobil owned by the Rockefellers, GE (General Electric), Monsanto owned by Pfizer, News Corporation owned by Rupert Murdoch, Pfizer owned by share holders which include Citigroup (the Rothschild's) and Deusche Bank (the Warburg's).Above corporatocracy is the Big Banks including Citibank's (Rothchilds), Chase (Morgan's), Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, Wells Fargo and HSBC ( Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation). These banks fund the corporations by offering loans at special rates. This allows the coporations to complete their goals. Further above the Big Banks are the National Central Banks, such as the Federal Reserve which is controlled by a mix of the elite, and the Bank of England which is known to be controlled by the Rothschilds. Almost all countries have a Central Bank (funded by the Rothschilds) which commercial banks are members of.These Central Banks control the amount of money is in circulation and also set interest ra tes. They are above the four lower levels because they loan money out to governments at interest. These National Central Banks rely on the International Central Banks, the IMF (International Monetary Fund) and the World Bank to make more money while exploiting the countries they lend to. The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is right at the top of the pyramid because it holds a significant amount of control over the global financial system by setting the amount of money banks around the world need to have.BIS is controlled by the elite and holds around 10% of the monetary reserves from at least 80 of the world's central banks. BIS serves as the lender for the last resort to stop a global financial collapse . The start of the elite monopoly game is known to have begun at Mayer Amschel Bauer of house of Rothschild. How the elite came to powerÃ¢â¬ ¦.. The evidence collected centralized around the Rothschilds, Morgans and Rockefellers. A little focused on some of the others but didn't cover the history of all the families so the conspiracy theory is concentrated around the Morgans, Rockerfellers, and the Rothschilds. Give me control of a nation's money and I care not who makes it's laws. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Mayer Amschel Bauer Rothschild Mayer Amschel Bauer (son of Moses Amschel Bauer, who was a money lender and the proprietor of a counting house) was born 1743 in Frankfurt, Germany. After the death of his father, his name becomes Mayer Amschel Rothschild. He created the Illuminati in 1776 with Adam Weishaupt, for the soul purpose to divide all non-Jews through all aspects including political, economical, and social. Incidents were to be provided to complete these plans.This first incident would be the French Revolution. The first attempt at this halted to a stop when the instructions to start the revolutions fell into Bavarian authorities' hands. To complete their first goal the Illuminati went to Britain, who ignored the Bavarian government's warning about the illuminati and their plan. so in 1789-1793 the French Revolution took place. The revolution allowed the bankers to make more money as the Roman Church had less control over taxes. With the success in Europe the Rothschilds went to America to move forward.With the help of their agent in George WashingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s cabinet (Alexander Hamilton) they created America's first central bank in 1791. The First Bank of the United States was established with a 20 year charter. The charter then runs out in 1811 and when congress votes against its renewal the Rothschilds become angry and start to work towards another US central bank. The French bank de Rothschild Freres is set up in 1812. During 1815, the Rothschilds gain control of the British economy when a new Bank of England was set up and controlled by the Rothschilds after Napoleon was defeated.By the end of the 1800s it was estimated that the Rothschilds owned half of the world's wealth. This period of time is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Age o f the RothschildsÃ¢â¬ . In 1814 the Rothchilds and the Warburgs were tied together, and that same year the first attempt at a one world government failed when the Tsar Alexander 1 of Russia refused to have a Rothschild owned central bank during the Congress of Vienna. Nathan Mayer Rothschild was enraged and swore he would kill the Tsar Alexander I's entire family and descendants. The Rothschilds gain control of Americas money again through one of their central banks in 1816.This control spiralled downhill when President Andrew Jackson started to remove money from the Rothschild's second Bank of the United States placing the deposits into banks directed by Democrats. The panicked Rothschilds constrict the money supply through BUS President, Nicholas Biddle (agent for the Paris-based Jacob Rothschild), and America is thrown into a depression. Enlightened President Jackson states, Ã¢â¬Å"You are a den of thieves and vipers, and I intend to rout you out, and by the Eternal God, I will rout you out. Ã¢â¬ There were two failed attempts to assassinate President Jackson.One assassin later bragged that the powerful people promised him that if he got caught he would be protected. That assassin was trialled and found not guilty by way of insanity. Before President Jackson died in 1845 he noted his greatest achievement, Ã¢â¬Å"I killed the bankÃ¢â¬ . Under Jackson's rule the US debt went to $0. 00 for the first, and last time. Even though the Rothschilds were unable to directly influence the USA, they were able to influence the USA through the House of Morgan, from 1838, who presided over the American finances from Wall Street and Broad.They were also able to use the Rockefellers who, in 1863, started to from the business Standard Oil. In 1873 Albert Pike, an American General, who was enticed into the illuminati, completes the blue prints for the world wars and revolutions. The differences between the British and the Germans was to be the spark to start the First W orld War, during which the promise made to the eliminate the Tsars was to be carried out. The Tsar was to be replaced with Communism. World War Two was to ferment controversy between Facism and political Zionism, bring hatred against Germany, and increase the power of Communism.The Third World War was to stir up hatred of the Muslims to get the Islamic world and the Zionists to fight against one another, all while remaining nations become exhausted after being forced to fight against one another. The Rothschilds' luck continued to go bad with US Presidents when Abraham Lincoln, seeing what the banks were doing, started to print his own money. This did not allign with the Rothschild's plan and Lincoln was assassinated. In the 1893 recession, the House of Morgan saved the US Government using Rothschild gold.Author Gabriel Kolko stated, Ã¢â¬Å"MorganÃ¢â¬â¢s activities in 1895-1896 in selling US gold bonds in Europe were based on an alliance with the House of Rothschild. Ã¢â¬ In 18 97 the Zionist movement is founded by the Rothschilds who elect Theodos Herzl as the President of the Zionist movement. in 1909 Jacob Schiff founds the National Advancement for the Association of the Coloured People (NAACP). This society was crreated to promote a greater split between whites and blacks. In 1913 the Rothschild get their final Central Bank for America called the Federal Reserve.During World War One, the Morgans fund half of the US war effort. The Rothschilds fund both sides of the war effort. While the Germans were winning the war, their government offers Britain an armictice but the Rothschilds, being one step ahead, sent one of their people to tell the British that they will enter on Britain's side if Britain agrees to give Palestine to the Rothchilds. The Balfour Declaration is sent. America enters the war. The Allies win and all the while the promise made to the Tsar is kept and the Tsars are destroyed.During thhis time the Bolsheviks gain conttrol over Russia. Th e Council of Foreign Relations is founded by Bernard Baruch and Colonel Edward Mandell House, under the orders of Jacob Schiff. The CFR's first job was to gain control of the press. John D. Rockefeller was given the task and set up national news agencies such as Life and Time. Bank of International Settlements, the BIS, the first Rothschild world bank, is established in 1930. Rothchilds fund German war efforts and that of the Allies during World War Two. The IMF and the World Bank are established in 1944.In the spring of 1948, US President Truman recognised Israel as a sovreign state after being bribed by the Rothschilds duing his campaign. In 1963, President John F. Kennedy is assasinated after trying to give the US government control over it's currency without it passing through the Federal Reserve. By 1985 the Rothschilds are known to control all three leading US television news networks , NBC, CBS, and ABC. In 2001, the September 9/11 attacks, (another conspiracy theory linked t o the Rothschilds), are said to have been caused so populations will give up their liberty for a sense of security.Afganistan is one of the 7 countries at that time not to have a Rothschild owned Central Bank. The US attack Afganistan. When America invaded Iraq, Iraq was only one out of 6 countries that didn't have a Rothschild owned Central Bank, and also had an extensive water supply that Israel needed. In 2006 the French Rothchilds are the first foriegn banking family that gained China's approval to enter their financial market. Just last year there were reports that there were only 3 countries without Rothschild owned Central Banks: North Korea, Cuba and Iran. The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the large centers has owned the government of the U. S. since the days of Andrew Jackson. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a letter written Nov. 21, 1933 to Colonel E. Mandell House These families have worked their way up the social and financial ladder using murder, intimidation and bribery. Using these same methods they have gained control over the world's monetary system. They have power over the non-renewable, natural energy sources, such as oil and gas.There is also evidence to suggest they are sabotaging developmental, renewable energy sources and they are still trying to suppress free energy. Ã¢â¬Å"This information coming out would completely change geo-political power more than anything in human history. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Steven Greer, Disclosure and Orion Projects The conspiracy theory focuses mainly on the Rothschilds, but as most of these families are joined together through marrige, and deals, they are consequently all a part of these vile acts. The murder of 3 of the most well known US Presidents were at the hands of these global elite, Jackson, Lincoln, and JF Kennedy.They are skilled in bribery and manipulation, for example US President Truman was extremely influenced by these famil ies at the time they set up the Federal Reserve, showing that no person, no matter what their position, or country wants to go up against such powerful families. These aspects have allowed them to dominate our world's monetary system and the unrewable souces of energy such as oil (Rockefellers Standard Oil), nuclear and most electricity companies. Free energy relates to an energy that is clean, will always be able to be used and, most of all will be free to everyone. The implications are in plain sight.If everyone had free energy there would be no need for oil, or any of those other companies that have been exploiting us and our environment. There are many examples of these free energy machines that have been tested successfully but never see the light, as the scientists are suppressed. One of these examples is Haskell Karl, a free energy inventor who claimed that he had made a machine that worked and producded energy with only the use of air, called the AATE. In the early 1960s he took it to Wyle Testing Laboratory to be trialled. They could not understand how it worked and so asked if he could leave it with them over night.Haskell refused and took his machine home. He and his associate were to meet with President JF Kennedy to demonstrate the machine but before the meeting, Haskell's associates and the machine went missing. There was also a supposed deal with China which failed to go ahead when the main individual died of a mysterious heart attack. Scard Haskell went into hiding. Another well known scientist and inventor was Nikola Tesla who, financially supported by J. P Morgan, created the Wardwnclyffe Laboratory and its transmitting tower between 1901and 1905.The transmitter was, along with being the first radio transmitter, capable of transmitting power without wires to any point on the globe. This presented Morgan and the rest of the global elite with a problem. Morgan's famous comment about this was Ã¢â¬Å"If anyone can draw on the power, where do we p ut the meter? Ã¢â¬Å". The incomplete tower was demolished for war time security mesures in 1917. History and present day accounts are littered with these supressed inventions and inventors. It has gotten to the point where scientists are too scared to speak up.There are cases where inventors have been murdered or thrown into jail because they have threatened these powerful families with the creation of free energy, which could lead to their possible fall from power. I can only come to the thought that this conspiracy theory involves the creation of a mono-nation (one state, one set of rules, one government and no laws for the elite) rather than globalization (independent sovreign countries with trading between) through how they have already acted in the past. I have also found some of the ways the global elite are already starting to impliment this plan for a one world government with the reation of free trade agreements which join countries together. This also means that small com panies will miss out on the pay that they may have recieved if the big companies had to pay taxes. With the control of the media the global elite are able to fix into our minds what is normal and what is not. There used to be 88 media companies in America. Now there are 6 media companies that exist today. All 6 of these get their news from Reuters and the Associated Press. Reuters owns the AP, and the Rothschilds own Reuters. Effectively they have created the largest army possible.We get fed the information through the media without asking many questions, then when someone who does not agree with a certain thing speaks up they are pushed to the side. The global elite also have another agenda in their plan to create their mono-nation. In order to gain more power they have a goal of decreasing the global population by up to 80%. This would mean there are less people to exert their influence and control over. This would make it easier for them to remain in power, as there would be less people who might question their motives. There are a few areas where this population control agenda have arisen.The growing potency of GMO foods has been directly related to the lowering sperm counts in males globally. Women around the world have been sterillized without their permission. These are the few examples of how the global elite are slowly lowering the world population. Also around America Ã¢â¬Ëcamps' have been erected to Ã¢â¬Ëfix the situation' of overpopulation. New Zealand is a part of the global elites' plan as well. Our history also contains an extensive amount of evidence that we are a part of the New World Order going right back to 1967. In this year a texas oil billionaire, Nelson Bunker Hunt, finds a huge oil source south of New Zealand.That same year Placid Oil is granted drilling rights in the Great South Baisin after Finance Minister, Rob Muldoon, recieves $US100,000 loan from Hunt's Placid Oil Co. In 1969 Onassis Oil calls for a council meeting to discuss a plan to monopolize the Great South Basin in Washington DC. The council members include John McCloy, Nelson Rockefeller, and David Rockefeller. A plan to control all New Zealand and Australian oil and mineral resources are outlined by McCloy. 1970 Onassis Oil start setting in place their plan by creating the AIFC (Australian International Finance Corporation) using ANZ (Australia and New Zealand Bank).ANZ is also a Rothschild owned bank. Also in 1970, Japanese business men (with strong connections to the global elite) move to New Zealand and with the help of Finance Minister Muldoon and others Mitsubishi and Mitsu buy rights to iron sands. Muldoon also helps Mitsu obtain the 320million cubic foot Kiangaroa Foresty contract with Carter Holt. By buying New Zealand's largest travel company, Atlantic and Pacific Travel, the Fletchers help extend the Rockefeller Travellodge operation.In 1971, Muldoon changes the law to allow Mafia-controlled banks to opperate in New Zealand when Onassi s and Rockerfeller began to buy influence for this New World Order. Connections are also made between Renouf in New Zealand United Corp and global elite. In 1972 Bob Seldon an associate of Gulf Oil helps to establish New Zealand's first international banks which include N. Z. I, Bank of New Zealand, Morgan Guarranty Trust, Morgan Grenfel and S. F. Warburg. This same year Norman Kirk is elected Priminister of New Zealand. n 1974 Norman Kirk, along with Gough Whitlam, begin to move against the Mafia Trilateralists which opposes the global elites' plans. Kirk introduced and applied a tough Anti-monopoly Bill and also, using price regulation and a wages policy, tried to redistribute income from the big companies to the labour force. Kirk also rejected the plan for Dunedin to have a second Aulminum smelter, setting himself up to gain more control over New Zealand oil resources through the Petroleum Amendment Bill. Kirk had also found out about the large resource of oil Hunt Petrolium had found while drilling in the Great South Basin.There was enough oil and gas resources that New Zealand would be eble to become self sufficient for years. These facts were kept quiet by the big companies to prevent the oil prices lowering, as this would not go with the plans of OPEC and Onassis for the Arabs to be achieved. During 1975 the elections are held with Rowling verses Muldoon. Muldoon wins after oil companies pour money in to support Muldoon's campaign through the National Bank of New Zealand (who's general manager is a member of the Todd Foundations; Investment Board Director Tudhope also Managing Director of Shell Oil andChairman Shell/BP/Todd foundations). In 1977 Muldoon travels to the US to meet with Rockefeller officials not the US Government. Petrolcorp is set up by Muldoon in 1978. Taxpayers pay for exploration costs while the big oil companies control the outlets. Muldoon also plans to to re-open National Parks for the exploitation of our minerals. 1981 New Zealand Oil & Gas (NZOG), with strategic holdings by Jones, Renouf and Brierley launches. Through the Pike River Coal Company NZOG controlled 80 million tonnes of coal.Wellington, Auckland, Christchurch and Hawkes Bay Gas is owned by Brierley. Shell/BP/Todd Foundations and Fletcher Challenge control Liquigas Limited. New Zealand was the first countary to install EFPOS (owned by the Rothschilds ANZ and Bank of New Zealand). Cash is rarely used as EFTPOS and the newer internet banking system has become more popular. The Rothschilds also own our National Rugby League, owned Ansett New Zealand airlines, and own the New Zealand Reserve Bank.Our current Priminister, John Key, used to work for Goldman Sachs and Merrill Lynch, and apparently one time when he got drunk, before he became priminister, he said that he was chosen to be the next New Zealand Priminister. Goldman Sachs have control over half of our media. In June, John Key signed an agreement with NATO (controlled and founded by the globa l elite). It also seems that our natural resources have come in to play again. Since John Key has been in power it was New Zealand's protestors that saved our National Parks being gutted out to find minerals.John Key's Speech to the New Zealand Institute of International Affairs, 26 May 2009: Ã¢â¬Å"The move toward a single economic market is an attempt to really integrate the investment protocols and also ultimately the behind the border issues that ultimately both countries faceÃ¢â¬ An Asia-Pacific UnionÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The medium term challenge for both countries is actually to be fully integrated into AsiaÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Quite what the future opportunities will look like is not yet clear. But compared with 75 years ago the international landscape is vastly different, and in many ways more conducive to achieving the global solution the OECD Secretary-General called for. Ã¢â¬Å"We are engaged in an FTA negotiation with Korea. And, of course, we have just signed an FTA with the ten ASEAN nations, which potentially connects New Zealand to the embryonic single market in East Asia (CEPEA). New Zealand must be part of a web of bilateral and plurilateral trade links that are being established throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We need to be plugged into the security arrangements that govern peace and stability in the region. These are multilateral arrangements, but our bilateral security relationships in the region are also important.New Zealand has a strong interest in robust US engagement in the region. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER) is the plurilateral framework that will underpin the future development of trade across the region. This agreement envisages a free trade agreement between Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Island countries. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"When we met in March, Kevin Rudd and I set out an ambitious agenda of initiatives. To build prosperity, we want to break down barriers at the borders, w hether for investment, tourism, or for people flows.We want to erode barriers behind the borders, by exploring further harmonisation on climate change, science and innovation and domestic regulation where that makes sense. And we want to tackle barriers to prosperity beyond our borders, by promoting open markets and healthy capital flows around the world. When I go to Australia again in August, Kevin Rudd and I will review progress on those initiatives, and set new goals towards creating a truly single, economic market. The importance of that in raising New ZealandÃ¢â¬â¢s performance and productivity cannot be understated. Ã¢â¬Å"
Saturday, January 4, 2020
The access to vending machines and their popularity in schools have been increased over the past years; and the installments of them have contributed to high calorie intake among the youths. Food environment has been studied as an important contributor to the dietary decisions people make every day. Decisions which ultimately impact both short and long term health outcomes in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. The built environment, school, and work impacts the nutrition environment, which includes the external cues that influence oneÃ¢â¬â¢s food choices and consumption. One path for modifying eating behaviors is to change the nutrition environment in order to create an environment that is more conducive to healthy eating. The association of the school foodÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Besides the poor nutritional profile of foods and beverages available in vending machines, the indirect link researchers have shown between vending machine use and the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children. Children who are obese have an increased risk of being diagnosed with so many other diseases such as: metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. consumption and vending machine use on oral health of children living in London In this article, Malik explains the study conducted the examined childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s vending machine use and found it to be positively associated with sugar consumption. He explains the relationships between dental health, food choice, and weight in children. He describes how vending machine use has been linked to sugary beverage consumption, which can directly affect weight gain and obesity in children. By given the poor nutritional quality of foods and beverages offered in vending machines as well as the potential link between vending machine use and overweight and obesity in children, many experts and researchers have called for a change in the nutrition environment such as vending machines. Obesity prevention in children One recommendation to decrease the growing numbers of children who are overweight or obese was to provide healthy food options in vending machines. Smith believed ifShow MoreRelatedObesity Among City Dwellers Is Becoming One Of The Major National Health Concerns1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObesity among city dwellers is becoming one of the major national health concerns. In fact, it became a crisis. Nationally, Ã¢â¬Å"$147 billion is spent yearly for obesity-related care, including 77% greater spending on medications for the obese than for non-obese individualsÃ¢â¬ (Marchiondo 2014, P. 156). According to the CDC, among Maryland adults over 18 years old 65.4% were overweight, with a Body Mass Index of 25 or greater. Also, 27.1% were obese, with a Body Mass Index of 30 or greater (CDC - ObesityRead MoreObesity Prevalence Of Overweight And Obesity Essay2083 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesUnited States of America. 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Food and diet have been studied as a significant benefactor to the dietary decisions people make in their life every day. All the decisions regarding its benefit will ultimately impact health outcome in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. The environment, work, and school impacts the nutrition settingRead MoreThe Soda Industry And Its Effect On Public Health1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesjust the opposite of Coca-ColaÃ¢â¬â¢s original claims to be true. Martin-Calvo, et al., in their article Sugar-sweetened Carbonated Beverage Consumption and Childhood/adolescent Obesity: A CaseÃ¢â¬âcontrol Study,Ã¢â¬ researched the affects of sugary beverages on children and adolescents. The found a significant link between higher intake of high sugar content drinks and obesity. In fact, each additional serving per day incr eased a childÃ¢â¬â¢s chance of obesity. Rather than improving the quality of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life
Thursday, December 26, 2019
Singing the Praises of the Unsung Hero Ever since the earliest traces of literature, heroes have enriched stories and captivated audiences. Heroes are a direct reflection of everything that we wish to be and embody the best values of our culture and because of that we hold them up as objects of admiration. Coverage of the civil rights movement follows this same pattern, emphasizing the most commonly known protagonists such as Martin Luther King Jr. and too often fails to highlight the ordinary people who also participated in the movement on local scales. These people regularly do not receive credit for their daily efforts because individually their actions did not ensue large-scale results but as a collective population they served a major role in the civil rights movement. Anne MoodyÃ¢â¬â¢s narrative, Coming of Age in Mississippi, details the life of one of these Ã¢â¬ËordinaryÃ¢â¬â¢ people who, as an African American, experienced daily suppression and despite being neglected o f praise, fought to change they way people of color were treated in the south. The hero figure dates all the way back to Greek mythology where gods like Heracles and Achilles defeated forces of evil and saved those in danger. Their actions had consequences that affected many people and were very memorable and that is they remain two of the most commonly known individuals of the time. This trend had remained popular through time with characters both fictional and real, such as Odysseus in 8th century B.C., George
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Erin Hartman ENGL 1213 Research Essay July 26, 2016 JFK On November 22, 1963 national tragedy struck America after the catastrophic death of the thirty-fifth president of the United States, John F. Kennedy. Kennedy arrived in Dallas with his wife, Mrs. Jacqueline Kennedy, by his side and rode in a convertible limousine behind John and Nellie Connolly through Dealy Plaza. When the motorcade took way through downtown Dallas, shots were fired at president Kennedy soon killing him. The assassination of president John F. Kennedy made questions surface about his death, and when those questions were left unanswered, distrust of the government in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s formed; in return led conspiracies to thrive. President Kennedy accomplished many things while in office including, establishing the peace corps, emphasized public service, set a goal to put man on the moon, prevented nuclear war, etc. Kennedy depicted a Ã¢â¬Å"get-it-done optimismÃ¢â¬ which was so powerful for America to witness. Jackie Kennedy referred to her husband s presidency as Camelot, a wistful nod to the legend and idealism of King Arthur and his round table of heroic knightsÃ¢â¬ (Walsh). During JFKÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency, Americans believed that they lived in an enchanted country where people could strive to better their lives (Walsh). Subsequently, JFK was fixing to run for president again to ensure that America stayed in a place of peace. President Kennedy was preparing for the upcoming presidential campaign, and went to DallasShow MoreRelatedThe Assassination Of Jfk Assassination Theory1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesessay is the JFK assassination theory. I would like to research this because I have seen documents and videos online and on television about the conspiracy but I have not done full research into it to see the facts. With the presidents of the United States they are able to make or break the country with their decisions, with that JFK was assassinated due to that and other reasons. I will be going into this research thinking that there is a conspiracy behind the assassination of JFK that it wasn tRead MoreMystery of Who Killed John F Kennedy1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDue to the vast speculations of the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas the mystery of what really happened still lies amongst us today. From theory to theory there is no telling what the true motive in killing the President really was. Among the various theories are those that involve the Chicago mafia, Lee Harvey Oswald attempting the murder by himself, and the left and right wing factions of the U.S. government. After several investigations, there is no realRead MoreEssay on The Mystery of the JFK Assassination816 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Mystery of the JFK Assassination The assassination of JFK affected the lives of many that were alive during his presidency and forever impacted history. His assassination is shrouded in mystery, and to this day no one knows exactly what happened. He was the youngest elected president, and the youngest president to die in office. JFK was many things. Among these, he was the youngest president, youngest president to die in office, and the first Roman Catholic president (Merriam Websters). SinceRead MoreTo Kill A Kennedy954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesassassinating President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Today, the vast majority of Americans believe OswaldÃ¢â¬â¢s words, claiming that there was more behind the tragic assassination than the United States government once portrayed. Many have disregarded everything the government had told the world and have come up with their own theories, forming the greatest conspiracy in the history of America, a conspiracy that the world is still butting heads about. With the assassination of President Kennedy, the UnitedRead MoreThe Mystery of the JFK Assassination744 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMystery of the JFK assassination The assassination of JFK affected the lives of many that were alive during his presidency and forever impacted history. His assassination is shrouded in mystery, and to this day no one knows exactly what happened. He was the youngest elected president, and the youngest president to die in office (The White House) JFK was a civil rights activist, because this was well known he had made enemies with many southerners in that time period. Despite these enemies JFK had madeRead More jfk assassination Essay1030 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The John F. Kennedy Assassination On November 22,1963,President Kennedy was in attendance at a Dallas parade.One of the biggest tragic moments happened in U.S. history before the naked eye.President John F. Kennedy was assassinated around 12:34 p.m.as he celebrated with the Dallas crowd to show admiration towards them and their city(Mintaglio 60).The suspected assassin Robert L. Oswald,a former U.S. marine,was afterward caught not long following the assassination in a near by theatre(Newman 56)Read MoreBook 1984 Analysis: Conspiracies in the US, John F. Kennedy1438 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesevents in history just happens to be the John F. Kennedy assassination. Some ideas are way out there, but others sound like they might have at least a hint of truth in them. The book 1984, relates to a few of these schemes of how and such an event would happen, but even more importantly how it was covered up. In the book they were masterminds at covering up events and it is now my job to figure out how this book is similar to the JFK assassinations. To understand these conspiracies, oneRead MoreA Brief Look at John F. Kennedy835 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesby a U.S President whose term of office was cut short by a belligerent man. John F. Kennedy or JFK would grow to become one of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢s smartest and youngest Presidents in history. Unfortunately for JFK his life and term as President was cut short after being assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. Although JFK did not serve a full term as President he affected our nation in many positive ways and was on the best presidents we ever had. John Fitzgerald Kennedy also known as Ã¢â¬Å"JFKÃ¢â¬ because ofRead MoreWhy Was The Body Not Seen By The Dallas Coroner?1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNevertheless, quite suspicious is how Kennedy s body was placed in a casket and taken from Parkland Hospital and driven to Air Force One, where it was loaded aboard the airplane through the rear door, where it remained at the rear of the passenger compartment, in place of a removed row of seats. The body was removed before the Dallas County coroner Earl Rose, which violated Texas state law (the murder was a state crime and occurred under Texas legal jurisdiction), could conduct a forensic examinationRead MoreJohn F. Kennedy Assassination1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbeen a topic of debate since 1963, is the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States. The conspiracy has left one of the most devastating deaths in question and still haunts America to this day. The assassination of John F. Kennedy is one of the most controversial and debated topics in American History. JFK was one of the most beloved presidents of our time. Unlike previous presidential assassinations, the JFK assassination has resulted in a number of conspiracy theories
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Bill Ford took over Ford Motors in 2001 as the CEO, when the company was struggling with falling sales around the world Ã¢â¬â in a time when the company desperately needed careful planning and their execution. Bill Ford revised and updated the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s tactical plans Ã¢â¬â cutting costs, gaining back the experienced staff, catering to specific market niches and more. Some of these targets have been met, a good number of them still need work. There are great challenges ahead for Bill Ford, but perhaps he can show the great management abilities of the Ford family and turn around the situation. Based on information in the case, what are some of FordÃ¢â¬â¢s strategic goals? What are some of FordÃ¢â¬â¢s tactical goals? After Bill FordÃ¢â¬â¢s assuming of the position of CEO, Ford Motors have faced some revisions and updating of its strategic and tactical goals. Ford Motors have been experiencing falling sales and inadequate funding for its operations. It is about developing people , working with them reaching objectives and achieving results. In deed all the research in to how managers spend their time reveals that they are creatures of moment, perpetually immersed in the nitty Ã¢â¬âgritty of making things happen. d)Henry Fayol has proposed that to manage is to: Ã¢â¬ ¢To forecast Ã¢â¬ ¢To command Ã¢â¬ ¢To coordinate Ã¢â¬ ¢To control Fayol also suggests that a set of well-established principles would help concentrate general discussion on management theory. He emphasises, however, that the principles must be flexible and adaptable to changing circumstances. He recognised that there were no limit to the principles but advocated 14 of them. Division of work/ labour. This means that a worker is given only a small portion of the work in which he becomes a specialist. A high degree of specialisation should lead to efficiency Authority and responsibility: Authority is the right to command and power to exercise obedience in order to get wok done. Responsibility is the accountability of the authority so that the official authority is not misused. Responsibility is the corollary of authority. Discipline: Fayol considered discipline as an outward mark of respect observed in accordance with employment agreement and organisational rules. The management must decide on the most appropriate form of sanctions on cases of offences against discipline. Unity of command: Each organisational member should receive orders from one superior only; if not, authority is undermined and discipline, order and stability threatened. Unity of direction: In order to provide for unity of action, coordination and focusing of efforts, there should be one head and one plan for any group of activities with the same objective. E. one department, one manager. Subordination of individual interest to general interest: The interests of one employee or group of employees are subordinate to the interests and goals of the organization. The interest of the Organisation must take priority whenever there is a conflict of interests. Remuneration of personnel: Salaries the price of services rendered by employees should be fair and provide satisfaction both to the employee and employer. Centralization: The objective of centralization is the best utilization of personnel. The degree of centralization varies according to the dynamics of each organization. Scalar chain: A chain of authority exists from the highest organizational authority to the lowest ranks. Order: Organizational order for materials and personnel is essential. The right materials and the right employees are necessary for each organizational function and activity. Equity: In organizations, equity is a combination of kindliness and justice. Both equity and equality of treatment should be considered when dealing with employees. Stability of tenure of personnel: To attain the maximum productivity of personnel, a stable work force is needed. Initiative: Thinking out a plan and ensuring its success is an extremely strong motivator. Zeal, energy, and initiative are desired at all levels of the organizational ladder. Esprit de corps: Teamwork is fundamentally important to an organization. Work teams and extensive face-to-face verbal communication encourages teamwork. There are other ten neew principles for effective administrative management. They include: a)Manage information through people. b)Change is a constant and must be managed. c)Technology is the future. d)Relationships matter. e)Investment in training and development is important. )Measure only against the best. g)The market is global h)Unity of direction is important i)Equity is expected. j)Initiative is important. FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT. According to Mamorial, management functions are extended to 10 and derived from the term POSDCORB. But the general one are the first five. 1. Planning: this function includes forecasting and selection of objectives with the pol icies, procedures and programmes for achieving them. It involves the assessment of the furture and making decisions for that future. 2. organising: this is concerned with the division of work and allocation of duties, authority and responsibility. . staffing: it involves looking for the right candidates recruiting, orienting, rewarding, disciplining, maintaining, training or terminating or managing the separation process. 4. Directing: it involves guiding and supervising subordinates. These subordinates must be oriented in to the understanding ways, guided towards improved performance and motivated to work effectively towards enterprise goals. 5. Coordination: this is the unification of efforts and ensuring that all activities of the business are in pursuance of the same policy. Policy is a major decision of a company that can be a plan. 6. Controlling: this is the process involved in setting up standards, the regulation comparison of physical events with standards and then taking the corrective action. 7. Budgeting: this involves activities of allocating the available resources to various units of the organisation. 8. Commanding: this involves giving instructions to ensure that decisions are carried out. 9. Communication: this is concerned with the transfer of information between different people in a business. 10. Motivation: this is the driving force behind actions . in involves raising of employees morale and change of behaviour and feeling mong the organisation members. STEPS IN DELEGATION 1. Identify the task to be delegated and the right persons to delegate to. 2. Assignment of tasks: this is to determine clearly what the subordinates are supposed to do and communicating the same to them. 3. Delegation of decision making authority: the authority is given to subordinates to make and implement decisions within thei r work assignments. 4. Creation of obligation: The person given the task is morally responsible to do his best since he has willingly accepted these tasks 5. Creation of accountability: being answerable to someone for your actions. BENEFITS OF DELEGATION a)When used properly, delegation of authority and responsibility to subordinates offers several advantaged as follows: b)It results in quick decisions- decentralisation of decision making authority. c)It gives executives more time for strategic planning and policy making. d)It is a motivating factor through tasks to the employees. e)It can be a training ground for executive ability e. g assisting, seconding and deputing. f)It gives managers opportunity to experience decision making and consequences of their decisions. )It enables organisations to meet the changing conditions more flexibly especially at the boundaries of their systems. IMPORTANCE OF STAFF MOTIVATION Motivating people to work involves two dimensions; providing the infrastructure within which their work is organised, and then supplying the leadership that stimulates them to give of their best. The infrastructure means: telling people what is expected of them (tasks, accountabilities and performanc e standards. ) and supplying the necessary equipments and tools to enable them function. ( training, working conditions and others. It is leadership that makes the difference: encouraging people to make decisions (empowerment) showing a close interest in them as individuals and recognising their contributions, growth and achievement. ) Individual performance is determined by three things a)Motivation (desire to do the job) b)Ability (the capability to do the job) c)The work environment. Motivation is thus importance because of its value in determining performance and because of its intangible character i. e individual behaviour is a complex phenomenon and the manager is hard pressed to figure out the precise problem and hoe to solve it. Motivation is further complicated by the fact that it is not exactly clear who is responsible for employee motivation i. e whether the manage or the employee himself. HOW TO ENHANCE STAFF DISCIPLINE: HOW TO MANAGE STRESS. Strategies to deal with stress can be best be analysed under 2 headings: Personal strategies: a number of organisational steps which can be taken to reduce the likely hood of stress due to structural and style problems. Ã¢â¬ ¢They include: Ã¢â¬ ¢Relaxation Ã¢â¬ ¢Exercise Ã¢â¬ ¢Talking to someone else Ã¢â¬ ¢Take time to smell the rose- do not live in the first lane Ã¢â¬ ¢Taking leave/ holidays. Count your blessings Ã¢â¬â take time to enjoy who you are and your achievements. Ã¢â¬ ¢Be kind to others-it boomerangs. Ã¢â¬ ¢Go for saunas, detoxify, massage and walks. Ã¢â¬ ¢Breathe properly so as all the vital organs receive oxygen Ã¢â¬ ¢You are what you eat, so stay healthy. Ã¢â¬ ¢Avoid unnecessary anxieties, over ambition perfectionism, stimulus seeking, pressure to succeed. ?What is important in becoming stress free is to examine ones own attitudes towards personal strengths and weaknesses and this is through assertiveness and personal planning. Assertiveness is a question of standing up for your own rights, but in a way that does not violate another personÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. It is also concerned with expressing (making known) personal wants, feelings and opinions in honest and appropriate ways. Organisational responses to stress This applies where the stress is work related, investigate the course and take appropriate action like: Ã¢â¬ ¢Change individuals job responsibilities (give more or reduce) Ã¢â¬ ¢Provide greater opportunity for personal autonomy in the job. Ã¢â¬ ¢Set agreed targets for employees. Provide appropriate training e. g. In time management, assertiveness. Ã¢â¬ ¢Permit flexible hours Ã¢â¬ ¢Improve physical working conditions. Ã¢â¬ ¢Relocate employees to another office/ work base. Ã¢â¬ ¢Provide counselling fac ilities. Note: many Japanese employers insist on their employees doing physical exercise before their daily work. TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP A leader is a person who stands out in influencing the activities of a group in setting goals and making progress towards achieving these goals. Essential attributes of a line manager. Ability to understand human behavior. Ã¢â¬ ¢Effective communicator. Ã¢â¬ ¢Similarity with the group. Ã¢â¬ ¢Ability to inspire others by example. Ã¢â¬ ¢Willingness to take risks Ã¢â¬ ¢Verbal assertiveness Ã¢â¬ ¢Ability to tolerate criticism. Ã¢â¬ ¢Skill in the art of compromise Ã¢â¬ ¢Assume full responsibility for the group. Others were proposed by Herzberg include: Organisers Designising the jobs of group members, clarifying group members assignment, explaining organisational policies and rules, establishing policies, rules and procedures to coordinate flow of work and information within the unit. Liason Cultivate relationship with customers, maintaining relationship with suppliers, customers and other persons or group of individuals who are important to the unit or organisations, join boards, organisations or public service clubs that might provide useful work related controls. Resource allocator They authorise the use of physical resources such as, furnishing and equipments, authorise expenditure on financial resources and discontinue the use of unnecessary inappropriate or ineffective equipment or service Task delegator, Assigning projects t group membes, clarifying objectives and perfomance standards for task completion. Figure heads Entertaining clients/ customers and serving the outsider and stakeholders as official representative of the organisation . Spokes man Answering the letters and enquries and informing other management levels about the units activities, plans and capabilities. Negotiator Bargaining with superiors for facts, facilities, equipments and other form of support and alos with other units in the organisation for the use of staff facilities and other form of support.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Macbeth And Lady Macbeth Ambition, the world's driving force to achieve their goals. Ambition is a characteristic of human nature, which, if expressed in an evil manner, can turn the entire person evil. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are great examples of these types of people. In William Shakespeare's Macbeth, they are torn apart due to their excessive hunger for power. Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have a driving ambition that turns each of them into a spiral of guilt and evil. They are both very stubborn and set in their ways this is proven when Macbeth does not want to change his mind about killing Duncan. Their thriving ruthlessness combined is almost unstoppable, and it is their fuel to commit the terrible deeds that they do. Though they are similar in many ways, they also have many differences, which include the changing of power throughout the play. The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is a very close but a rather strange one. There are a lot of things that Macbeth does not understand about Lady Macbeth, that she knows about him, for example, she knows his weakness of character and his strengths. At the beginning of the play Lady Macbeth is the stronger of the two. Although it was the witches who told Macbeth he will be king, it was Lady Macbeth who uses her art of persuasion, and knowledge of Macbeths weaknesses, to make him kill the king. Lady Macbeth uses persuasion, another factor that helps her over power Macbeth, from their first meeting and throughout the play. She also uses her knowledge she has of him, to add to the task of persuading him, she knows how to get him motivated. Due to Macbeth's lack of knowledge of his spouse, he is unable to prevent her. Many factors like persuasion and ambition are a big part in the couple's relationship. Macbeth starts to take control when he slaughters the guards. Lady Macbeth was not ready for this and for a little while Macbeth is in control of the situation. From that point, he goes from strength to strength and plans the deaths of Banquo and Fleance. The only weakness shown there is that he had to get hit men to do it, he could not kill his best friend himself. Macbeth is in control and very powerful until the banquet scene. This is the last time in the play that Lady Macbeth is able to become the more powerful of the two. After the banquet scene Macbeth goes from strength to strength again, and having Macduff's family killed is a sign of this. When Macbeth consults the weird sisters for the last time, they trick him to make him think that he will not be overthrown by anyone. The communication between the couple is very strong at the beginning but as the play progresses it alters and eventually breaks down. Well Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are a very odd couple, despite all their differences they still have many similarities which helps the relationship work out. If they went so ambitious towards power, they might have ended up with a happy ending.